Dredging - the practice of deepening an existing waterway; also, a technique used for collecting bottom-dwelling marine organisms (e.g., shellfish) or harvesting coral, often causing significant destruction of reef and ocean-floor ecosystems. Ambassador to Papua New Guinea is Erin Elizabeth McKee. In 1545, a Spanish explorer called the island Nueva Guinea .In 1884, the western half of New Guinea was officially recognized as Dutch New Guinea, the northeastern section became German New Guinea, and the southeastern quarter became British New Guinea. NFA Challenges and Issues Regional purse seine tuna vessel over-capacity and availability of vessel licenses The regional tuna fishery produces nearly half the world's tuna, now has more vessels available to operate than required to harvest the estimated sustainable catch. Children's access to education improved from 2012 to 2016 following the introduction of the Tuition Fee Free Policy in 2012 but was still low, with only 76 percent of children enrolled in primary school and 33 percent in secondary. The following issues are most prevalent in this country. Barrick looking to reopen Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form. Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) - represents the roughly 150,000 Inuits of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Russia in international environmental issues; a General Assembly convenes every three years to determine the focus of the ICC; the most current concerns are long-range transport of pollutants, sustainable development, and climate change. New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez.In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. I. Asian Development Bank. This program trains field epidemiologists—or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. Papua New Guinea Home; You are in: Home > Pacific > Papua New Guinea > Partners. The complaint by 156 residents was lodged with the Australian Government in September by Australia’s Human Rights Law Centre and subsequently accepted in November, paving the way for a non-judicial mediation process. currently being implemented in over 20 countries globally. What started with the shock defection of dozens of Government ministers and MPs to the Opposition, is now going to the country's Supreme Court. Papua New Guinea Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Papua New Guinea Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System Recommendations not adopted. The World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) show little overall improvement in governance in Papua New Guinea in the period between 1998 and 2014. Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume. The Australian Department of Home Affairs has acknowledged that medical services have been reduced since the men were forcibly removed from the main center in 2017. Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley. Soil degradation - damage to the land's productive capacity because of poor agricultural practices such as the excessive use of pesticides or fertilizers, soil compaction from heavy equipment, or erosion of topsoil, eventually resulting in reduced ability to produce agricultural products. In June, authorities confirmed that the country was facing its first polio outbreak in 18 years, prompting an emergency vaccination campaign. RID-TB Patient Education and Counselling In May, a Rohingya refugee died by apparent suicide having jumped from a moving bus, the seventh asylum seeker or refugee to die on Manus Island since 2013. Papua New Guinea a warning for poor nations rich in natural resources Nikkei Asian Review 20:01 11-Jan-21 Vale Sir Mekere Morauta Devpolicy Blog 19:05 11-Jan-21 Papua New Guinea’s time of destiny Devpolicy Blog 19:05 11-Jan-21 In March, then-Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop visited Port Moresby and met with PNG Foreign Minister Rimbink Pato to discuss health and immigration. Australia spent A$130 million (approximately US$94.2 million) on security costs for APEC, and provided 1,500 Australian Defence Force personnel. Banknote World offers Palau New Guinea currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Palau New Guinea. The department then leases it to businesse... Read Details. In June, in the Southern Highlands, a mob set alight a passenger plane in an election-related protest. In August, a video showing two PNG police officers brutally assaulting a teenage boy in West New Britain was widely circulated on social media. Bilateral Representation. Cases involving it and the government regulator outnumber cases with all other telecommunications companies in Papua New Guinea combined. Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the mountainous island of New Guinea, plus more than 50 populated islands, extending eastwards to the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands chain. 202-745-3680). Police often beat children in lock-ups and house them with adults, despite a child justice law that states children should be kept separate from adults during all stages of the criminal justice process. As of 2002, the crude birth rate and overall mortality rate were estimated at, respectively, 31.6 and 7.8 per 1,000 people. The largest nation in the Pacific, PNG is classified as a low middle-income country. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England. Endangered species - a species that is threatened with extinction either by direct hunting or habitat destruction. 6.0 Future Options to more effectively address Papua New Guinea’s Principal Environmental Concerns 6.1 Overview 77 6.2 Increasing Land Degradation 79 6.3 Increasing Risk from Hazardous Materials and Wastes 80 6.4 Declining Water Quality in Rivers and Coastal Waters 82 6.5 Disturbed or Unpredictable Hydrological Regimes 83 Papua New Guinea launched the National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) policy in 2015. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. Title Volume Issue Article Type Year Month; Scrub Typhus in the Torres Strait Islands of North Queensland, Australia: 9: 4: Dispatch: 2003: 4: Trichinella papuae in Saltwater Crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) of Papua New Guinea: 10 This publication is the fifth in the current series of Papua New Guinea Economic Updates (PNG EU). Few police are ever held to account for beating or torturing criminal suspects, a common occurrence. Poaching - the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern with respect to endangered or threatened species. Health Alert – U. S. Embassy Port Moresby – July 13, 2018 Location: Papua New Guinea On July 12, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for Papua New Guinea (PNG) regarding the recent outbreak of Polio in the Morobe Province. One rationale was that taxation be used to encourage growth of existing SMEs and encourage the Informal and Micros to formalize. In the Pacific region, this project has been piloted in Papua New Guinea and Goroka, kokopo and Port Moresby have been selected to form this study. These nine facts about water quality in New Guinea reveal a serious issue that extends beyond just access to water. In most countries this wouldn’t be an issue. The summit ended in disarray when Chinese officials physically forced their way into the office of the PNG foreign minister and refused to sign the final joint statement. HIV prevalence was 0.2 per 100 adults. 13 November 2020 (Last Updated November 13th, 2020 09:43) Barrick Gold president Mark Bristow reportedly held discussions on royalty arrangements with landowners in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (PNG). In 2007, The Hon Malakai Tabar MP was elected Member of Parliament representing the Gazelle Open Electorate. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. Beginning in 1991, Papua New Guinea's banknotes have been produced on polymer, although in 2009 the bank issued Kina & Toea Day commemorative notes on paper substrates. Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat. China is committing approximately US$4 billion to developing a national road network. The NDOH, with the support from Australia DFAT, will start a second FET program called Accelerating the Development of Policy and Practice in Papua New Guinea (ADEPPt,) designed to strengthen field epidemiology and operational research capacity across the country and generate evidence to strengthen public health programs, systems and policies. Since June, a 12-hour curfew has been imposed on the refugees and asylum seekers in violation of their freedom of movement, following a car accident in which a woman died; an allegedly drunk refugee was driving the car. In July, prison officers shot and killed four men who escaped from Buimo prison in Lae. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. The leases represent over 10 percent of the country’s total landmass and potentially impact more than 700,000 people. First, it analyzes the key recent developments in Papua New Guinea’s economy and places these in a longer-term and global context. This has led to the government creating the National Education Plan, a scheme aimed at introducing free primary schooling to raise education levels. In May, in the Southern Highlands, one woman was killed and another two seriously injured after a mob attacked the women following accusations they had used sorcery to kill a man. Papua New Guinea, which experiences regular quakes, had a 7.0 magnitude earthquake earlier this year, which struck a remote part of the country on 17 July. Residents of Papua New Guinea are taxed on their worldwide income. Most islands are of volcanic origin, and active volcanic activity is common, alongside natural hazards ranging from frost and floods to droughts. SPREP Library – Cataloguing in Publication Data Nicholls, Stephen The priority environmental concerns of Papua New Guinea / prepared by Stephen Nicholls. In October, a local man violently assaulted an Iranian refugee who was hospitalized with serious injuries to his head and eyes. Many asylum seekers and refugees suffer complex health problems including mental health conditions that have been exacerbated by long periods in detention and uncertainty about their futures. Customary Land is being leased by the Lands Department by landowners. DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972. Freshwater - water with very low soluble mineral content; sources include lakes, streams, rivers, glaciers, and underground aquifers. Greenhouse gas - a gas that "traps" infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere causing surface warming; water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and ozone are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. Although the PNG government supports universal access to contraception, two out of three women and girls still are unable to access and use it due to geographic, cultural, and economic barriers. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. Identification. The Government of Papua New Guinea is trying to address those issues with the help from several agencies like, AusAid, JICA, World Bank, European Union etc. Buchtar Tabuni, one of the leading West Papua activists and part of ‘Balikpapan Seven’, sentenced to 11 months in jail. Potable water - water that is drinkable, safe to be consumed. Pollution - the contamination of a healthy environment by man-made waste. It has two principal aims. Email: Ben.Reilly@anu.edu.au Abstract: On many measures of ethno-linguistic diversity, Papua New Guinea is the most frag-mented society in the world. Violence against women and achieving gender equality remain major challenges. The PNG government failed to address abuses by security forces. 1 . During his first term in parliament he was in Opposition, and was appointed Shadow Minister for Ecosystems - ecological units comprised of complex communities of organisms and their specific environments. Without a serious effort to reverse some or all of these negative trends and make more of the positive ones, PNG’s future looks bleak. Abandoned Rio Tinto Mine Is Blamed for Poisoned Bougainville Rivers Residents of the Papua New Guinea region have accused the mining giant of environmental and human rights violations … Rapid review of maternal health recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Environment - current issues: rain forest loss as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; unsustainable logging practices result in soil erosion, water quality degredation, and loss of habitat and biodiversity; large-scale mining projects cause adverse impacts on forests and water quality (discharge of heavy metals, cyanide, and acids into rivers); severe drought; inappropriate … Current local time in Papua New Guinea – Lae. Papua New Guinea successfully hosted APEC in 2018, culminating in a Leaders’ Summit in November 2018 attended by Vice President Pence. Nearly all were forcibly transferred to PNG by Australia in 2013. Papua New Guinea Current Issues., Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. The Porgera gold mine is located in Enga Province, 600km north-west of Port Moresby. Iron deficiency anaemia and adverse birth outcomes in a malaria-endemic region of Papua New Guinea. Overgrazing - the grazing of animals on plant material faster than it can naturally regrow leading to the permanent loss of plant cover, a common effect of too many animals grazing limited range land. PNG continues to see high levels of violence and political unrest since the 2017 election, which was marred by widespread electoral irregularities and violence. Minister for Police Jelta Wong ordered an immediate investigation and promised to hold those responsible to account. The government’s 2013 Sorcery National Action Plan is inadequately funded and has yet to be implemented. Papua New Guinea’s hosting of the 2018 Asia−Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit was part of a push for greater international standing, with O’Neill projecting Papua New Guinea as a regional leader advancing Pacific Islands issues … Product/Service The two officers have reportedly been suspended and charged under the Criminal Code Act, but neither had been prosecuted at time of writing. Noxious substances - injurious, very harmful to living beings. Transparency International’s 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Papua New Guinea 139th in a li… Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. That same month, anti-corruption police arrested and charged the country's deputy chief electoral commissioner with corruption for allegedly manipulating votes, for perjury and making a false declaration. Papua New Guinea Hospitality graduates at the Australia-Pacific Technical College graduation at Port Moresby PNG. 120 likes. Papua New Guinea By Stephen Nicholls IWP-Pacific Technical Report (International Waters Project) no. CDC supports strengthening the capacity of Papua New Guinea’s public health workforce through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training program. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair"). Contrary to some suggestions, the shortage of foreign exchange is due to imbalances between supply and demand, rather than controls, they say. Papua New Guinea maintains an embassy in the United States at 1779 Massachusetts Ave. More information about Papua New Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: CIA World Factbook Papua New Guinea Page U.S. Embassy USAID Pacific Islands Page Corrective Services ordered an inquiry in 2017, but at time of writing no investigation had begun, allegedly due to lack of funding. The country is a signatory to the World Health Organization’s Millennium Development Declaration. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. Corruption in PNG is widespread. News about Papua New Guinea, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. Australian government aid to PNG for the year 2018-19 is A$572 million (approximately US$411.3 million). In 2013, the Family Protection Act was passed, which criminalizes domestic violence and allows victims to obtain protection orders. In July, the National Court sentenced eight men to death for their involvement in a sorcery-related killing of seven people. Factbook > Countries > Papua New Guinea > Geography. Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog. Refugees and asylum seekers do not feel safe on Manus due to a spate of violent attacks by locals in the town of Lorengau and ongoing disputes with the local community. Despite the ombudsman and police announcing investigations into the 2016 police shooting of eight student protesters in Port Moresby, at time of writing no police had been charged or disciplined and neither body had issued a report. Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health. 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