[2], Binoy Ghosh says that Bolpur was a small place in the middle of the 19th century. Sri Gouranga Anath Niketan was founded there on the 26th Agrahayana 1318 B.S. It is an excellent place to experience the local culture of Shantiniketan. The Santiniketan Ashram, also known as Tagore’s Ashram is located in Shantiniketan, West Bengal. In the map of Bolpur-Sriniketan CD block on page 718 of District Census Handbook Birbhum (Part A), the area occupied by Santiniketan is shown as a part of Bolpur municipal area and Sriniketan is shown as a part of Surul, a census town. It was founded by Debendranath Tagore. Bolpur Shantiniketan railway station is well connected with Sealdah Railway Station, Howrah Station, Kolkata Railway Station, Malda Town, New Jalpaiguri etc of West Bengal & Guwahati Railway Station of Assam. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveller reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveler reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. Prior to leaving for the puja vacations students celebrate Sharad Utsav. 5, from Bhuban Mohan Sinha, the talukdar of Raipur, Birbhum. Kalo Bari - the house built with mud and coal tar. Numerous festivals range from Basanta Utsav and Barsha Mangal to Maghotsav and Rabindra Jayanti. [22] He lived in Dwaijaviram in the Ashrama complex. [15][16], The Ashram Complex is the oldest area of Santiniketan, where Debendranath built the Santiniketan Griha and the beautiful stained glass prayer hall, in the second half of the 19th century. The ashram was shifted to Gendaria in Dhaka in 1318 B.S. Maghotsab, celebrating the founding of the Brahmo Samaj, is held on 11 Magh (towards the end of January). Each suite in Udayan is on a different level which gives this house its individuality. History of Shantiniketan Santiniketan was previously called Bhubandanga (named after Bhuban Dakat, a local dacoit), and owned by the Tagore family. [12] It was established by the poet's son, Rathindranath Tagore, as a memorial museum and research centre for Tagore studies. At the school level are Patha Bhavana and Siksha Satra. Tagore's ashrama, Santiniketan Overview Known as Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore's abode, Tagore's Ashram is one of the must visit places in Santiniketan. The gardens in the Uttarayan complex were planned and laid out by Rathindranath. Tagore’s Ashram, the abode of Rabindranath Tagore is recognised as a place of historical significance since he wrote many of his literary works here. Moved by the peace and tranquility of this place Debendranath decided to set up Santiniketan Ashram right there. Shantiniketan is a neighbourhood in Bolpur city established by Maharshi Devendranth Tagore in 1863 and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore as … Sangit Bhavana offers courses in Rabindra Sangit, Hindustani classical vocal, sitar, esraj, tabla, pakhawaj, Kathakali dance and Manipuri dance. The Santiniketan Ashram, also known as Tagore’s Ashram is located in Shantiniketan, West Bengal. The area is flanked on two sides by the rivers, the Ajay and the Kopai. There are certificate courses in leather craft, book binding & hand-made packaging, batik work and hand-made paper making. Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the area. Santiniketan was located within two miles of the Bolpur railway station on … Nandalal planted Eucalyptus saplings in the area, knowing that one day these tall trees would be a perfect setting to Ramkinkar's Sujata. The history of Uttarayan complex is as unique as Rabindranath Tagore himself. In 1901 Rabindranath established Brahma Vidyalaya in Santiniketan, which gradually became the University of Viswa Bharati University. The best time to visit Tagore’s Ashram is from October to March. Sriniketan offers courses in the field of agriculture and rural development. Barsha Mangal is celebrated with cultural programmes in July–August. Nandan Mela marks Nandalal Bose's birth anniversary (on 1–2 December) and is a special attraction for art lovers. [6] The environment at Jorasanko Thakur Bari, one of the bases of the Tagore family in Kolkata, was filled with literature, music, painting, and theatre. It was Nandalal Bose, who created an environment where art would be a part of life and the children of Santiniketan have grown absorbing these beautiful monuments as they have the oxygen in the air.”[14]. In 1901, with the efforts of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the ashram was converted into an open air school that was eventually recognised as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. In the 2011 census, Santiniketan is not identified as a separate place. All your meal plan changes (not coming for any meal, coming for meals, packing, etc) have to be sent to the Food Club Manager (Christy): foodclub@shantiniketan.us … When Ramkinkar created Sujata, an elongated figure of one of the disciples of Buddha, he placed it just a little distance from the seated Buddha. He retired as the longest serving principal of Patha Bhavana. She died at Santiniketan in 1969. June, July, August and September see heavy rainfall, these four months are known as monsoon (rainy season). Its foundation was laid by Maharishi Debendra Tagore, father of Rabindranath Tagore, in the year 1863. In the early decades of the twentieth century Rabindranath Tagore, who set up his unique ashram school in 1901, was the shaping spirit of the Poush Mela. History- Important places, persons in news History: Visva-Bharati University. It houses a major part of Rabindranath's manuscripts, correspondence, paintings and sketches, 40,000 volumes of books and 12,000 volumes of bound journals, photographs and numerous items associated with the poet's life. By 1863 Rabindranath turned his attention to the Santiniketan School after withdrawing from the Swadeshi movement. December, January and February are the winter months. It is located on the banks of the Kopai River, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the central areas of Santiniketan. [citation needed], Baul performance at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, Local village hndicrafts and other items at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, neighbourhood in Bolpur, Birbhum, West Bengal, India, Neighbourhood in Birbhum, West Bengal, India, District Census Handbook Birbhum (Part A), Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Santiniketan, "District Human Development Report: Birbhum, Chapter IV: Economic Opportunities and Security of Livelihood", "Visva Bharati complex, Ravindra Bhavana", "Museum and book in memory of Rathindranath Tagore, son of Rabindranath Tagore", "Exploring Tagore's Santiniketan, an abode of Learning Unlike Any in the world", "Marriage of Nandita (daughter of Mira), grand daughter of Rabindranath", "Station: Shantiniketan, Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary (Deer Park)", Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism, Notable people associated with Santiniketan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shantiniketan&oldid=998948376, Articles with Bengali-language sources (bn), Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 19:45. In 1888, Debendranath dedicated the entire property for the establishment of a Brahmavidyalaya through a trust deed. Shantiniketan is a neighbourhood of Bolpur city in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum district in West Bengal, India, approximately 152 km north of Kolkata . 25 Baisakh (7-8 May) is the birthday of Rabindranath Tagore but his birth anniversary is celebrated along with and subsequent to the Bengali New Year (mid April onwards). A heritage site well preserved by the authorities, this place is a giant mark left by our beloved Gurudev. This is a village market and one can buy local handicrafts, listen to folk music sung by tribal groups and eat local home made food. Having lived in Shantiniketan, Nutan Bari, Dehali, Prantik, all within the ashram until 1919, Rabindra Tagore decided to live in Uttarayan (for the last 20 years of his life), which consisted of five houses – Konarka, Udayana, Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi. It is now a large wooded area with herds of deer and makes a natural bird sanctuary. Tagore’s Ashram remains closed on Wednesdays. Shantiniketan is situated at a distance of 164 km form Calcutta. [5] It was a new feather in the cap of the Tagore family which was the leading family contributing to the enrichment of life and society in Bengal in many fields of activity over a long period of time. The Santals on either side of the main door and on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baij. Shantiniketan is situated at 23°41′N 87°41′E / 23.68°N 87.68°E / 23.68; 87.68. Rabindranath's father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, found it very peaceful and renamed it Santiniketan, which means abode (niketan) of peace (shanti). The roof was tiled and the floor had white marble, but the rest of the structure was made of glass. On 1863, Maharshi Devendranath Tagore founded Shantiniketan Ashram. Bhuban Mohan Sinha had developed a small village in the Bolpur area and named it Bhubandanga. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this WorldCat.org search.OCLC’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as … A certain portion of Bolpur was a part of the zamindari of the Sinha family of Raipur. [9] at an average elevation of 56 metres (187 feet). The programme starts from the morning with singing and dancing to Tagore's tunes by the students and ends with spreading coloured powders (called ‘abir’) and expression of festive wishes. [29][30], The town is known for its literary and artistic heritage, with the notable figures being Rabindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose. Āśramakathā, COVID-19 Resources. Patha Bhavana came up after Rabindranath started residing in Santiniketan. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveller reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. There are numerous other houses: Dehali, Santoshalaya, Singha Sadan, Dwijaviram, Dinantika, Taladwaj, Chaitya, Ghantatala, Panthasala, Ratan Kuthi, Malancha and others – each with an interesting story that makes it historically relevant. Krishna Kripalani, husband of Nandita (Buri), daughter of Mira Devi, taught at Santiniketan for nearly 15 years, beginning 1933. Maharshi Debendra, father of Rabindranath Tagore, founded an ‘Ashram' here in 1863. Natun Bari was built in 1902 for residential purposes. Briksharopan and Halkarshan emphasise man's closeness to nature and are held on 22-23 Shraavana (August). for she is our own, the darling of our, Shantiniketan was founded and developed by members of the Tagore family. [14], Dinendranath Tagore, Dwijendranath's grandson, was principal of Sangit Bhavana in its earliest years. [19] After the death of his father in 1941, Rathindranath took over the burden of all responsibilities at Santiniketan. Basanta Utsav, Barsha Mangal, Sharodutsav, Nandan Mela, Poush Mela, Magh Mela, Rabindra Jayanti are some of the notable and prominent events celebrated each year at Shantiniketan. [11], Rabindra Bhavana, founded in 1942, just after the death of the poet, is the focal point of Visva Bharati. Gradually, the whole area came to be known as Shantiniketan. Established in 1977, it was a khoai area affected by soil erosion. Shantiniketan enjoys a pleasant weather all through the year with slight changes during summer, winter and monsoon. It was established by Maharshi Devendranath Tagore, and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore whose vision became what is now a university town with the creation of Visva-Bharati. [23]Dinantika, built in 1939, housed the Cha chakra, where staff members of Visva Bharati met over a cup of tea for meetings and relaxation. The visual perspective was based on the Borobudur style. It was established by Maharshi Devendranath Tagore, and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore whose vision became what is now a university town, Visva-Bharati University. Photo Source It grew as Shantiniketan grew. It is a tourist attraction where thousands of visitors each year come to witness the university – an envisioned and accomplished idea of Rabindranath Tagore. Shyamali and Konark are mud houses. ShantiNiketan Ashram (SNA) is a 501 (C)3 non-profit organization with a mission to provide seniors living in SNA, a dignified, peaceful, and happy environment where they can spend their golden years. The Santiniketan Brahmacharya Ashram `Mr. Pearson's class' As we look at the early history of Santiniketan, we find that the educational model that Tagore had in mind for the Brahmacharya Ashram, was in many ways a cultural statement of its time, informed by … ShantiNiketan’s goal is to provide quality lifestyle and homes for 55+ active adults in niche markets, especially to immigrants from the Indian sub-continent, in the U.S. and around the world. Rules. Later on, Rabindranath founded the Santiniketan School in his father's ashram in 1901. Subscribe Unlock nonprofit financial insights that will help you make more informed decisions. at an average elevation of 56 metres (187 feet). [33], Shantiniketan was originally a part of the ancestral zamindari of the Sinha family of Raipur, Birbhum. SEVAGRAM & SABARMATI ASHRAM. However, as a result of the consistent efforts by botanists, plants and trees from all over India flourish in parts of the town. [3][4] In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. About 1480mm of rain falls per year, with 76 days seeing the rain. The main objective of the ashram was to spread the concept of ‘Brahmo Dharma’. Santiniketan Ashram Sammilani International Inc. lock Unlock financial insights by subscribing to our monthly plan. The ashram is currently involved in the upliftment of the under-privileged section of the society. Try our monthly plan today. Shantiniketan is a university town with varied educational facilities. The area is classified as an "Aw" (tropical savanna climate) under the Köppen Climate Classification. It led to a situation of conflict and confrontation, but the leader of the gang, ultimately, surrendered to Debendranath, and they started helping him in developing the area. [3], Rabindranath Tagore first visited Shantiniketan in 1873 when he was 12 years old. He now runs Sisu Tirtha, an institution for orphans mainly from the economically disadvantaged tribals, near Santiniketan. [34] Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha donated for the construction of Sinha Sadan with a clock tower and bell. [37], Every Saturday, one can visit the haat (or market) at Sonajhuri, close to Shantiniketan. A Santal family, complete with dog, a group of workers running along at the call of the mill, their clothes flying in the air, a thresher, all situated along the main road. A random Walk in Santiniketan Ashram book. [14], Visva Bharati was established as a centre for culture with the objective of exploring the arts, language, humanities, music etc. Kalo Bari is a unique structure of mud and coal tar and profusely decorated. Although the overall environment of the surrounding areas have changed with time, the core area of Santiniketan has retained its closeness with nature.[10]. In 1901, his son started an experimental place of learning with a classroom under the trees and a group of five pupils. [14] In 2013, Visva Bharati opened a museum Guha Ghar, in the Uttarayan complex, in memory of Rathindranath Tagore. It has beautiful frescoes by Nandalal Bose. Bus and private cars are available from Kolkata (outstation cab service of Ola Cabs, Uber from Kolkata), Durgapur City Centre Bus Stop,Katwa,Berhampore and soon from Santragachi Railway Station in Howrah. Rabindranath Tagore converted the ashram into an open air school which was eventually recognized as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. Tagore’s Ashram is a house of distinctive and resplendent natural beauty which is worth watching. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map. Known as Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore’s abode, Tagore’s Ashram is one of the must-visit places in Santiniketan. As per the Human Development Report for Birbhum ,2009, Santiniketan attracts 1.2 million tourists annually. [18] His son, Rathindranath Tagore was one of the first five students at the Brahmacharya asrama at Santiniketan. [7] Founded in 1921 by Rabindranath Tagore, Visva Bharati was declared to be a central university and an institute of national importance, in 1951.[8]. The annual average temperature is 26.2°C. History. He built a guest house there and named it Shantiniketan (the abode of peace). The visiting hours during winters are from 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm; during summers are from 2:30 pm to 5:30 pm; and during vacations (May - June and September - October on account of Durga Puja) are from 7:30 am to 11:00 am. [20], Mira Devi, Rabindranath's youngest daughter, after her failed marriage, lived in Malancha built for her in the Ashrama complex in 1926. Get this from a library! [33], Holi, the festival of colours, is celebrated in its own style at Santiniketan – it is called Basanta Utsav and welcomes the arrival of spring. [21][14], Dwijendranath Tagore, Rabindranath's eldest brother, spent the last twenty years of his life at Santiniketan. At the most obvious level the character of the fair changed with the participation of the pedagogic community--the … Shantiniketan was founded by Maharishi Debendranath Tagore, father of Rabindranath Tagore, who also established an ashram here, later known as the Abode of Peace. Santiniketan earlier had an extensive forest cover, but substantial soil erosion gave certain areas a barren look, the resulting phenomenon is locally known as khoai. The university offers specialised 4-year courses in Persian, Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese. When Visva Bharati was made a central university in 1951, Rathindranath was appointed its first vice-chancellor. In addition, the Visva Bharati also serves as Shantiniketan's cultural center. This was the basis of Poush Utsav (the Festival of Poush) at Santiniketan[32], In Shantiniketan, seasonal changes bring their own colors and beauties with various festivals. Our dreams are rocked in her arms. It was in this building that Oxford University conferred its honorary doctorate on the poet, Rabindranath Tagore. It was founded in 1863 by his father, Maharishi Devendranath Tagore. From its earliest days, it was a great attraction for people from all around. It was es­tab­li… She lived in Santinketan till her death in 1969. Various anniversaries and cultural programmes are organised throughout the year. [2] Rabindranath Tagore wrote many of his literary classics at Santiniketan. [35], Sinha Sadan - 1926 CE - Santiniketan 2014-06-29 5505, Doorway - Sinha Sadan - 1926 CE - Santiniketan 2014-06-29 5525, Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary is located 3 km from Shantiniketan and is popular as Deer Park. By 1921, this school was expanded to form the famous Vishva Bharati University. She is our own, the darling of our hearts, Santiniketan. [31] Devendranath Tagore with twenty followers accepted the Brahmo creed from Ram Chandra Vidyabagish on 21 December 1843 (7 Poush 1250 according to the Bengali calendar). The ashram was ini­tially called Brah­macharya Ashram, which was later re­named Brah­macharya Vidyalaya. Santiniketan House : In 1863, this two storied house was constructed on the right side of Chatimtala which is the oldest of all houses in Santiniketan. Click on the pic to enlarge for a glimpse of the wall decoration. He gave all his money from Nobel Prize and royalty money from his books to this University. The purpose behind it is to serve the distressed, the grieved, the sick and the poor. in the freedom of her open sky. He originally named it Brahmacharya Ashram, in the tradition of ancient forest hermitages called tapoban. It was founded in 1863 by his father, Maharishi Devendranath Tagore. His son, Sudripta, with wide-ranging experience in the field of education, is also engaged in setting up a school, at Ruppur near Santiniketan, embodying the ideas of Rabindranath.[25][26][27]. Vidya Bhavana offers 1-year courses in Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Marathi, Odia, Pali, Persian, Russian, Sanskrit, Santali, Tamil, Tibetan and Urdu. The largest and most notable fair is the Poush Mela held at Santiniketan for three days from 7 Poush. History Of Shantiniketan. [13], The Uttarayana Complex, which lies in the northern portion of the town and is located next to Rabindra Bhavana, features a collection of five houses built by Rabindranath – Udayan, Shyamali, Konark, Udichi and Punascha. Bhasa Bhavana offers undergraduate and post-graduate courses in Arabic & Persian, Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Indo-Tibetan, Japanese, Odia, Santali and Sanskrit. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Apart from a number of courses in humanities, science and education, Visva-Bharati offers a range of music, dance and art courses and lays emphasis on language courses. Later on Rabindranath himself founded the Brahmo Vidyalaya school and later on in the year 1901 he established his dream the first open air school. Bhubandanga was the den of a gang of notorious dacoits, who had no compunction in killing people. Shantiniketan by William Winstanley Pearson, unknown edition, Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the … With this in mind, on December 22, 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established an experimental school at Santiniketan with five students (including his eldest son) and an equal number of teachers. There was a chhatim tree under which Debendranath used to meditate. Shantiniketan is situated at 23°41′N 87°41′E / 23.68°N 87.68°E . Krishna Kripalani's biography of Tagore was amongst the best ever written. Pioneers in Niche Retirement Communities. Only a selective list is presented here to give an idea of the range of courses offered. SNA will build and operate retirement communities to serve those who are unable to pay, in part or in full, for their own retirement care. It has a museum, archives, library and other units. Shanti Ashram was founded for the first time by Nigamananda on Akshay Tritiya at Kumilla Durgapur in 1314 B.S. The emphasis in organising these festivals is on traditional Indian forms and rituals. In 1901, with the efforts of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the ashram was converted into an open air school that was eventually recognised as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. Specialised institutes came up in different fields: Cheena Bhavana, Hindi Bhavana, Kala Bhavana, Sangit Bhavana, Bhasa Bhavana, Nippon Bhavana, Bangladesh Bhavana and others. Santiniketan was established a decade before BHU and in its ideology, did not limit itself to Hinduism, but to a much larger universal and international outlook. The climate of Shantiniketan is moderately warm, with summer temperatures at around 35-42 °C (maximum) and winter at 10-15 °C (minimum). [1], In 1863, Debendranath Tagore took on permanent lease 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land, with two chhatim (alstonia scholaris) trees, at a yearly payment of Rs. [14][4], Pratima Devi, Rathindranath's wife, had active links with Visva Bharati from a very young age. [14], In Birbhum district, the fairs (mela in Bengali) are spread right across the district and are thought of as an extension of the concept of markets, a place of not only trade and business but also a meeting place of people and an arena for cultural exchange. [14], “The landscape of Shantiniketan is dotted with sculptures by Ramkinkar Baij (1906-1980), larger-than-life figures of Santals who were in reality part of the landscape. Tagore's experiments at Santiniketan and Sriniketan were to deeply influence Mahatma Gandhi's work at Sevagram at Wardha. However, spring mesmerises with its charm with natural beauty at its full bloom welcoming the Vasant Utsav and, thus, making March the most favourable time to visit the place. Amongst these, Poush Mela which opens on the seventh day of the Poush month is one such 3 day grand affair attracting thousands of visitors from all over. Shyamali was an experiment. Santiniketan (Santiniketôn) is a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum district of West Bengal, India, approximately 180 km north of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).

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